IVF is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF.
IVF is the process of fertilisation by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish (fertilisation out of the body). The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus.
Other forms of ART include gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), but these are rarely used these days.
Why is IVF used?
IVF can be used to treat infertility in the following patients:
- Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Moderate to severe male factor infertility
- Women with premature or appropriate ovarian failure using donor egg
- Women who have had their fallopian tubes removed/ tied i.e. sterilisation.
- Individuals with a genetic disorder not wanting to use their own eggs
- Unexplained Infertility
- Failed IUI cycle